It was here that Gautama Shakyamuni received enlightenment (reached the state of Bodhi) and became a Buddha (Enlightened One). The main place of pilgrimage is the Mahabodhi temple, which dominates the district. In III BC. on the site of the temple was a round stupa, built by Ashoka, and in the 7th century AD. he found the present look. In the XII century, the temple was damaged by Muslims, and in the XIV century. rebuilt by Burmese rulers. During the oblivion of Buddhism in the territory of India, the temple was abandoned and only in the XIX century it was rebuilt by the Burmese.