Amritsar is located in Punjab, the state with the highest percentage of Sikh population in the country. It was founded in 1577 and is the most important center of the Sikhs. The city was built on the model and likeness of the heavenly temple, seen during meditation by one of the gurus (teachers) of Sikhism. The Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) is the main attraction of Amritsar and the most important shrine of the Sikhs. Here is stored the sacred book "Guru Granth Sahib", which sets forth the teachings of the ten gurus who took part in the creation of Sikhism. The temple stands in the center of a large pool around which a string of pilgrims is moving. The water in the pond is considered sacred here - washing in it heals and gives enlightenment. To cover the dome used about 100 kg of gold.